and whereas removing or eliminating barriers to the free movement of persons, goods, services and investment is essential to promote an open, efficient and stable internal market in order to improve the competitiveness of Canadian businesses and promote sustainable and environmentally friendly development; 1. No unnecessary barriers to trade: Articles 2 and 5 and Annex 3 of the TBT Agreement require that standards, technical rules and conformity assessment procedures do not create unnecessary barriers to international trade. Article 2 requires that technical rules be no more restrictive than is necessary to achieve a legitimate objective (such as national security, the prevention of fraudulent practices, the protection of human health or human safety or the environment). It also serves for the protection of trade-related intellectual property rights, acts as an arbitrator in the settlement of trade disputes and regularly audits the national trade policy of its members. WTO agreements of particular interest to municipalities include the GATS, the Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), the Agreement on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS), the Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA), the Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures (ASCM) and the Agreement on Dispute Settlement Rules and Procedures (DSU). Below is a brief overview of all these agreements. More detailed explanations of their main provisions are detailed in Part I, the important provisions of the WTO agreements, NAFTA and CETA. For more information, visit the Global Affairs Canada website. Liberalization: tariff reductions and other measures that restrict trade unilaterally, bilaterally or multilaterally. In November 2001, FCM presented to the joint working group a document entitled Municipal Questions Respecting Trade Agreements. The Department replied in writing in April 2002.
To continue these efforts to answer FCM`s questions, Global Affairs Canada is committed to preparing the current guide. The first edition of the guide was launched in 2005 and updated over the years. This version contains information on the obligations arising from recent agreements signed by Canada, including the Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA).