Part I of the guide describes the provisions of trade agreements most relevant to municipalities, including WTO agreements, NAFTA and CETA. Within the framework of the World Trade Organization, different types of agreements are concluded (most often in the case of new accessions), the terms of which apply to all WTO members on the most favoured basis (MFN), meaning that the advantageous conditions agreed bilaterally with a trading partner also apply to other WTO members. However, it is unlikely that trade in financial markets is completely free in this day and age. There are many supranational regulatory bodies for global financial markets, including the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision, the International Organization of the Financial Markets Authority (IOSCO) and the Committee on Capital Movements and Invisible Transactions. The Most Advantaged Nation (MFN), established in 1948 under Article I of the GATT, is one of the essential obligations of trade and investment agreements. It generally applies to a wide range of measures and activities, including trade in goods and services and investment and intellectual property rights. Article 19.9 specifies the information that contracting entities must provide to ensure that suppliers are able to prepare and submit bids. These include a description of the nature and quantity of goods or services obtained, the conditions of supplier participation and the evaluation criteria used to select a supplier. The article also states that parties, including their contracting entities, can prepare, adopt or apply technical specifications. It also provides that the evaluation criteria set out in the proposed contract notice may include, among other things, environmental characteristics. This section prevents contracting entities from imposing technical specifications or compliance assessment procedures for goods or services in order to create unnecessary barriers to trade. For example, canada`s MFN exemption in the film, video and television sectors allows us to offer individuals and businesses in some WTO member states different treatment in the form of co-production agreements. Such agreements could involve different tax incentives for foreign productions to film in Canada.
The purpose of this guide is to help municipalities address everyday issues that may arise with respect to provisions of Canadian trade agreements that are relevant to local activities, such as regulation. B regulation (for example. B regulation of zones and the environment), public procurement, financial aid and public-private partnerships. The guide builds on past discussions and cooperative efforts between the Canadian government and the Federation of Canadian Municipalities (FCM). In 2001, the Joint Working Group on International Trade was established between FCM and Global Affairs Canada. The joint working group was established at the request of FCM to provide a permanent roundtable on issues related to international trade agreements. In November 2014, the Joint Working Group was renewed and strengthened to promote closer cooperation between the respective activities of the Federation of Canadian Municipal Women and the Department in trade promotion, trade policy, investment in both parties and international activities; The world has achieved almost more free trade in the next round, known as the Doha Round Trade Agreement. If successful, Doha would have reduced tariffs for all WTO members overall. This section provides detailed information on the main provisions of trade agreements that are most relevant to municipalities.
The three main agreements are: non-tariff barriers (measures) – (NTB): government measures or other measures, other than tariffs, that limit or distort international trade.