General Agreement On Trade In Services Upsc

India needs to improve its diplomatic capabilities. At the recent meeting in Nairobi, it was found that industrialized countries spoke unisono, but that there was no unity in developing countries. Brazil, a prominent member of the WTO, has already separated from the G20/33 and aligned itself close to the position of industrialized countries; thanks to its globally competitive agricultural sector. At last year`s India-Africa Summit, India made serious efforts to achieve a common WTO agenda and was largely successful. However, there is a need for more common efforts to take advantage of the common platform of developing countries on all continents. The United States has been doing this for several years, and that is part of the reason why it remains the most powerful and subtle power in every negotiation. The GATT considers these rules on investment in the services sector to be distorting factors that influence free trade. Therefore, these distortions must be eliminated or minimized. The GATS agreement applies to all services (there are 161 services negotiable under the GATS) – financial services (bank insurance, etc.), education, telecommunications, shipping, etc. From the beginning of the Silk Road, to the creation of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and the creation of the WTO, trade has played an important role in supporting economic development and promoting peaceful relations between nations. These are concerns shared by many other developing countries. In addition, with respect to the specific issue of competition policy, which applies to “hard-core cartels,” India indicated that there was no clarity as to whether these export agreements fit. The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is perhaps the best-known example of an export cartel that sets prices by setting production caps.

With regard to the issue of transparency of public procurement, India`s position is that while the principle is perfectly acceptable, there can be no universal provision of what transparent procedures are. With regard to trade facilitation, India again argued that, while the idea is inevitable, developing countries may not have the means to bring their procedures into line with those of industrialized countries in the short to medium term. On issues such as investment and competition policy, India believes that a multilateral agreement would constitute serious protection of countries` sovereign rights. To some extent, this is obviously inherent in any multilateral treaty, but investment is seen as an area in which the abandonment of sovereignty would leave too little room for governments, particularly governments in developing countries, to guide investment in areas of national priority. While the concept of progressive liberalisation is one of the fundamental principles of the GATS, Article XIX provides that liberalisation takes place in accordance with national political objectives and the level of development of members, both in the various sectors and in the various sectors. Developing countries will thus have flexibility to open fewer sectors, liberalize fewer types of transactions and gradually expand market access depending on their development situation. Other provisions ensure that developing countries have greater flexibility in implementing the policy of economic integration, maintaining constraints on the reasons for the balance of payments and determining access and use of their telecommunications networks and services. In addition, developing countries are entitled to technical assistance from the WTO secretariat. MFN Treatment: Article II of the GATS authorizes members to treat the service providers of all other members without delay and unconditionally, “a treatment that is no less favourable than that given to comparable service providers in another country.” In principle, this is a ban on preferential regimes between groups of members in certain sectors or rules of reciprocity